“The environment is a fundamental requirement to enjoy the human rights”

 

It is a proud moment to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the ‘Universal Declaration of Human Rights’, which was passed by the United Nations General Assembly at its third session on 10 December 1948.

It will be appropriate to see the three main magnitudes of the interrelationship or the connection between human rights and environmental protection; the environment as a precondition  for the enjoyment of human rights,  certain human rights, especially access to information, participation in decision-making, and access to justice in environmental matters, as essential to good environmental decision-making and right to a safe, healthy and ecologically-balanced environment as a human right in itself.

Education in Sri Lanka: Financial Bribes vs Sexual Bribes

‘Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.’ – UDHR Article 26:1

Sri Lanka has incorporated Article 26:1 of the UDHR into the Constitution of 1978, through its Article 12:1 & 2 ‘All persons are equal before the law and are entitled to the equal protection of the law. No citizen shall be discriminated against on the grounds of race, religion, language, caste, sex, political opinion, place of birth or any one of such grounds.’

Female Migrant Workers of Nepal

Many Nepali women are becoming sole breadwinners for their families with 2.5 million of them employed as migrant workers overseas. Most of these female domestic workers migrate to the Middle-eastern countries, to countries in South East Asia, and East Asia, out of which the largest domestic migrant labour receiving countries are Malaysia (40.9%) and Saudi Arabia (22.3%). Among the 2.5m domestic workers, 90% are considered to be undocumented migrants (HRW report 2018 and Nepal Labour Migration Report).

Women Voice-out in Sri Lanka.

Women of Sri Lanka have always been heterogeneous. The multi-ethnic, multi – religious and multi-cultural environment, with international expatriates and tourists visiting the country in abundance has added to the diversified beliefs and living patterns of Sri Lanka’s population as a whole.

Sri Lankan societies are classified into different class systems based on their family background, lineage, education, wealth, and even at times on how conversant they are in speaking the English Language. Women from the upper or upper middle class societies have always had the privilege of loosening themselves from the old traditions and religious restrictions, and becoming prominent figures in the country.