Women journalists in Pakistan are routinely harassed sexually in the newsrooms of most media organizations in the country. Despite the ‘Protection against Harassment of Women at the Workplace Act, 2010’, these women have little protection from the law. Any protest by a harassed woman is met either by collective male collusion against her, or instant dismissal from her job. How do women in media position themselves to cope with this; and what are the odds of them succeeding in a male dominated industry?
Amongst the several categories of women who suffer discrimination, the Indigenous Mbororo Women have been identified as a category that suffers multiple discrimination. With the coming of globalization and its increasing demands, communities and segments of people previously separated socio-culturally and geographically, are now increasingly sharing the same geographical social, political and economic space. This atmosphere of change has raised new challenges to minority groups – especially the Mbororo’en.
Nepalese society is based on Hindu philosophy. Equality, non discrimination, non violence, no greed and relief from diseases, are the five principles of oriental Hindu philosophy. But, with the development of human civilization, Hindu philosophy was described as Hindu religion, and so-called powerful people segregated the society into touchable and untouchables by birth.
In the past, people were not categorized by birth; rather based on the occupation they followed. A child of a Brahmin [Eg. of Brahmin caste: Sangroula, Koirala, Adhikari, Gautam, Dhakal, Rijal, Dhungana etc (referred to as a learnt person in the past; but in the present context as to a high caste person)] can be Chhetri [Eg. of Chhetri caste: Basnet, Thapa, Karki, Pandey etc. (warrior and protector of the nation in past; but at present, a second category caste)]. But in present situation a child receives caste as a family name.
Notion of untouchability did not originate from a philosophical ground. There is no base of these types of discrimination in the Nepalese society, but it is prevailing in such a rampant way, that it has been and still one of the most challenging problems in today’s Nepalese society. The so – called high class people restrict the so – called lower class caste, from accessing public water resources, restrict from entering temples, restrict attending festivals etc.